Bachelor, Harvard University, 1950; Master of Arts, University of Illinois, 1952; Doctor of Philosophy in Physics, University of Illinois, 1953.
University fellow in applied science, 1954-1955. Physicist Watson laboratory, International Business Machines Corporation Corporation, 1955-1971. Professor physics and biochemistry Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts, 1972-1999.
Professor emeritus, 1999. Professor Rosenstiel Basic Medical Science Research Center, 1972-1999. Associate Columbia University, 1955-1961, adjunct assistant professor, 1961-1963, adjunct professor, 1963-1971.
Visiting physicist Atomic Energy Commission, Saclay, France, 1960-1961. Miller visiting professor, University Illinois, Urbana, 1961. Member corporation Woods Hole Oceanog.
Institute, 1964-1974. Visiting physicist University California, Berkeley, 1970-1971. National Science Foundation senior fellow, 1971-1972.
Little visiting professor Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1972. Patterson lecturer Institute Cancer Research, 1981.
Fellow American Physical Society (Biological Physics prize 2006). Member American Chemical Society, American Society Biological Chemists, American Academy of Sciences.
Married Sarah Cossum, 1960.