Bachelor of Arts Colorado, Boulder, 1953. Doctor of Philosophy (Woodrow Wilson fellow, Fulbright fellow, National Defense Education Act fellow), University California, Berkeley, 1969. Master of Arts, University Colorado, Boulder, 2004.
Teaching assistant, lecturer, University of California, Berkeley, 1958-1963; instructor, U. Colorado, 1964-1965; assistant professor, U. Colorado, 1965-1970; associate professor, U. Colorado, 1970-1977; professor, U. Colorado, 1977-1993; professor emeritus, U. Colorado, since 1993; also past department chairman linguistics, department French and Italian, U. Colorado. Consultant bilingual education for Native Americans.
Active Democratic Party and in environmental issues. With United States Army, 1954-1957. Member Linguistic Society American, American Anthropological Association.
Married Mary Callas, September 8, 1958. Children: Artemisia, Anthony, Peter, Anna, Yoana.