Bachelor, Stanford University, 1947. Master of Arts, Stanford University, 1949. Postgraduate, Yale University.
Postgraduate, Bristol Old Vic Theatre School. Postgraduate, London Academy Music, England.
From instructor to assistant professor drama Carnegie-Mellon Institute, Pittsburgh, 1951—1959. Stage director New York City (New York ) Opera, 1959—1965. Resident director, conservatory director American Conservatory Theatre, San Francisco, 1965—1984.
Resident director Denver (Colorado) Center Theater Company, since 1984. Conservatory director National Theater Conservatory, since 1984. Director plays Oregon Shakespeare Festival, 1948—1954, 1956.
Artistic director San Diego (California) Shakespeare Festival, 1955, 1957—1964, 1972, Association Producing Artists, 1959—1961, American Shakespeare Festival, 1961—1965, Seattle (Washington) Repertory Theatre, 1965—1970. Guest director Pacific Conservatory Performing Arts. With United States Army, 1942-1946.
Served with United States Army, 1942-1946. Fulbright scholar, 1957-1958. Member Society Stage Directors and Choreographers, Incorporated., Actors Equity Association, American Guild Museum Artists, Ibsen Society American.
Club: Marines Memorial (San Francisco).
Married Ann Lawder, December 20, 1953. Children: John Crandall, Julia Kathryn.