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Anagarika Govinda (Ernst Lothar Hoffmann)

painter , writer , Buddhist Lama

Anagarika Govinda was the founder of the order of the Ārya Maitreya Mandala and an expositor of Tibetan mysticism and Buddhist meditation. He was also a poet and painter.



  • “Robert Thurman remarks, Govinda is "undoubtedly one of the West’s greatest minds of the twentieth century, right up there with Einstein, Heisenberg, Wittgenstein, Solzhenitsyn, Gandhi, and the Dalai Lama."”


Abanindranath Tagore
Abanindranath Tagore - friend of Anagarika Govinda

Abanindranath Tagore was the creator of the "Indian Society of Oriental Art", thereby founding the influential Bengal school of art, which led to the development of modern Indian painting. Tagore and Anagarika Govinda cooperated in Shantiniketan, West Bengal.

Nandalal Bose
Nandalal Bose - friend of Anagarika Govinda

Volker Zotz
Volker Zotz - disciple of Anagarika Govinda

Volker Zotz, a philosopher and writer from Austria, was from his youth a major disciple of Lama Anagaika Govinda. Zotz became his spiritual heir, and acts as Govinda’s literary executor.

Rabindranath Thakur
Rabindranath Thakur - teacher of Anagarika Govinda