Doctor of Medicine, University Florence, 1971.
Intern, honorary registrar in clinical toxicology, St. Maria Nuova Hospital, Florence, 1972-1973; resident, honorary registrar in clinical pharmacology, St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London, 1973-1975; assistant professor, U. Florence, 1975-1976; associate professor, U. Florence, 1983-1991; research fellow Medical Research Council, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 1977-1978; lecturer, St. Bartholomew's Hospital Medical College, London, 1979-1984; senior lecturer, St. Bartholomew's Hospital Medical College, London, 1985-1987; reader, St. Bartholomew's Hospital Medical College, London, 1987-1990; reader, Queen Mary and Westfield College, London, 1990-1992; professor cellular and molecular pharmacology, International School Advanced Studies, Trieste, Italy, since 1992; professor pharmacology, U. Pavia, Italy, 1994-1997.
Lieutenant Italian military, 1972-1974. Member International Brain Research Organisation, International Society Neurochemistry, European Society Neurochemistry, European Neuropeptide Club, Physiological Society, Society Neurosci., British Pharmaceutical Association, British Medical Association.
Married Sandra Breckon, August 4, 1972 (divorced). Children: Giampaolo, Christian. Married Gabriella Rossi, May 11, 2002.