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Andrew Bradford Edit Profile

journalist

Andrew Bradford was an early American printer in colonial Philadelphia.

Background

He was the son of a printer, and grandson of two others. He was born to William and Elizabeth Sowle Bradford in Philadelphia. In 1692, the family moved to New York, and there he learned the printing trade from his father.

Education

At least 1 child, William (adopted son).

Career

He published the first newspaper in Philadelphia, The American Weekly Mercury, beginning in 1719, as well as the first magazine in America in 1741. In 1709, Andrew Bradford was listed was a printer in New York. That year, he declined an offer from Rhode Island to become that colony's printer.

He returned to Philadelphia in 1712 and opened his own print shop. On December 22, 1719, he began publication of The American Weekly Mercury. This was the first newspaper in Philadelphia and enjoyed a wide circulation.

Franklin would go on to establish a rival printing press and newspaper, the Pennsylvania Gazette, in Philadelphia. On February 13, 1741, Bradford published the first issue of the American Magazine, the first magazine to be published in America — beating out Franklin for the honor by three days. Throughout the 1720s, Bradford published political pamphlets critical of the local government, denouncing its "sinking cr" and supporting freedom of the press.

He also published "Busy-Body" essays, criticisms of the colonial government penned by Franklin and Joseph Breintnall, in the Mercury. For these political actions, Bradford was brought before a council, censured several times, and jailed once. Bradford's first wife was Dorcas Boels, who died in 1739.

Bradford then married Cornelia Smith, who took over his print shop and newspaper upon his death in 1742.

Connections

Married Miss Dorcas; married second, Cornelia Smith.

father:
William Bradford

mother:
Elizabeth (Sowle) Bradford

spouses:
Miss Dorcas

Cornelia Smith