AB, Roosevelt University, 1950. Master of Arts, University Chicago, 1951. Doctor of Philosophy, University Wisconsin, 1961.
Instructor English Valparaiso (Indiana) University, 1951-1953, Rockford (Illinois) College, 1956-1958. Assistant professor Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, 1958-1967. Professor University Minnesota, Minneapolis, from 1967.
With United States Naval Reserve, retired. Member American Dialect Society, Celtic Association North America, Medieval Academy American.
Married Ann Pullen, June 1950 (deceased May 1971). Children: Andrew, Eve, Spencer. Married Barbara K. Christensen, June 1985.