Bachelor, Dartmouth College, 1951; Master of Arts, Rutgers University, 1955.
Reporter, editor, Newark News, 1957-1960;
telegraph editor, Berkshire Eagle, Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 1967-1985;
music critic, Berkshire Eagle, Pittsfield, Massachusetts, since 1974. Adjunct Professor Simon's Rock College of Bard, Great Barrington, Massachusetts, since 1985, Williams College, Williamstown, Massachusetts, since 1986. Consultant National Endowment for the Arts, Washington, since 1985.
Director Massachusetts Foundation for Humanities, South Hadley, 1984-1990.
With United States Army, 1951-1953, Federal Republic Germany. Member Music Critic Association.
Married Katharine Clark, May 9, 1953.