1918 graduated Moscow Higher Technology School.
Student of Professor Zhukovsky. First in USSR to develop all-metal aircraft. Responsible for over 100 designed or constructed aircraft types.
While still a student at Moscow Higher Technology School designed first wind tunnels. Participated in work of Aeronautical Club, Moscow Higher Technology School. 1918 helped organize Central Aerohydrodynamics Institute.
1918-1935 Deputy Director, Central Aerohydrodynamics Institute, and g. 1922 simultaneously Director of its Design Bureau. 1923-1924 worked on development and use of duralumin in aircraft construction.
1933-1953 corresponding member, USSR Academy of Science. 1936 visited Germany and United States of America to study foreign aircraft construction. Subsequently accused of “divulging aviation secrets” and arrested.
During his imprisonment designed a twin-engine dive bomber that was massproduced in 1939. After this released from jail and returned to Design Bureau, Central Aerohydrodynamics Institute. Best known aircraft designs: TB-1, ANT-9, ANT-25(RD), TB-3, SB, Trade-Union-2, Trade-Union-4, Trade-Union-104, Trade-Union-110.
1957 designed and produced Trade-Union-114 170-seat jet passenger plane, fitted with 4 powerful turboprop engines, in which in Khrushchev made his 1959 round trip to United States of America. 1960 designed and produced Trade-Union-124 mediumrange 44-seat jet passenger plane, fitted with turbofan engines. Deputy, USSR Supreme Soviet of 1954 and 1958 convocation.
Member, Commission for Foreign Affairs, Soviet of Nationalities, USSR Supreme Soviet of 1958 convocation. 1959 visited United States of America with Khrushchev.
Religion is a cause of numerous conflicts and bloody wars throughout the history of mankind.
The emphasis on peaceful coexistence doesn’t mean that the Soviet Union accepted a static world with clear lines. Socialism is inevitable and the "correlations of forces" were moving towards socialism.