He graduated from Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv (1983). After postgaraduate studies in the Institute for World Economy and International Relations (National Academy of Sciences) he was awarded a Doctor of Philosophy in International Economics (1988).
Named senior research fellow (1991) and associate professor (2013). After Ukraine became independent Goncharuk joined the newly created Ministry for Foreign Economic Relations, starting as head of division in 1991 and subsequently moved up having stopped at all stages of promotional ladder. In 1999 he was appointed minister at the age of 37, being the youngest minister in Ukraine at that time.
Between 1993 and 2003 Goncharuk actively contributed to the process of Ukraine"s accession to the General Agreement of Tariff and Trades/World Trade Organization system conducting negotiations with foreign partners.
He initiated and participated in development of a new direction of international relations of Ukraine – trade diplomacy. Since 2000 he combined his state and diplomatic activities with research work and teaching.
He held position of professor at the chair of international trade of Kyiv National Economic University (2005-2015). After more than 10 years of civil service, in 2003 Andrii Goncharuk takes a decision to apply his knowledge in the private sector through his position of vice-president of the Interpipe Group where his main sphere of activities was trade policy as well as support and protection of Ukrainian companies at foreign markets.
At the same time (2005-2007) he continues to advise Ukrainian Government on issues of multilateral trade diplomacy, in particular on Ukraine"s accession to the World Trade Organization, as an advisor to the prime minister of Ukraine
He supervised all international issues, including those related to foreign economic relations.
On April 15, 2013 Andrii Goncharuk was appointed Representative of Ukraine to the World Trade Organization and Chair of the State Commission for Cooperation with the World Trade Organization. On February 21, 2014 has submitted a letter of resignation. Starting from April 2014 has been working closely with President Leonid Kravchuk as his diplomatic advisor. In April 2015 Ambassador Goncharuk was elected Vice-President of Ukrainian Foreign Policy Association.
Andrii Goncharuk holds the rank of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipontentiary.
Foreign his personal contribution to Ukraine"s integration into the World Trade Organization, in 2008 he was decorated with the Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise 5th class. On December 5, 2012 has received Diploma of Commonwealth of Independent States.
He also has distinctions of foreign states. He is fluent in Ukrainian, Russian and English.
In July 2014 Goncharuk has joined New Ukraine Institute for Strategic Studies as an independent member of Supervisory Council.