Bachelor, Mount Holyoke College, 1935.
Press bureau director, Mount Holyoke College, South Hadley, Massachusetts, 1940-1943; news director, Station WIRA, Fort Pierce, Florida, 1946-1961; bureau chief, Miami Herald, Fort Pierce, 1961-1980; professor in journalism, Indian River Community College, Fort Pierce, 1980-1987; columnist, Miami Herald, Fort Pierce and Miami, Florida, 1961-1991; columnist, Fort Pierce Tribune, Fort Pierce and Miami, since 1991.
Member of the board family self-sufficiency program Fort Pierce Housing Authority, since 1993. Mediator St. Lucie County States Attorney Office, Fort Pierce, since 1991. Board directors AE (Bean) Backus Art Gallery, Fort Pierce, since 1970, Sports Hall of Fame, 1992.
Lieutenant (senior grade) United States Navy, 1943-1946.