Practical nurse's diploma, Helsinki 4th Institute Nursing, Finland, 1980. Student, University Helsinki, since 1995.
Nurse's aide, practical nurse, Lahti City Hospital, 1977-1978;
practical nurse 1st department medicine, Helsinki University Center Hospital, 1980-1981;
practical nurse department radiotherapy, Helsinki University Center Hospital, 1981-1985;
healthcare assistant, Health Center of City of Helsinki, 1986;
relief nurse, receptionist, Helsinki Deaconess Institute, 1986;
practical nurse, Sanatorium Hahlama Venofeshlit, Israel, 1988;
practical nurse, Helsinki Jewish Hospital, 1988;
practical nurse, Helsinki University Center Hospital, 1991;
nurse, Red Cross Security Svc., Helsinki, since 1995;
therapist, counsellor, Helsinki Saalem Church, since 1996;
group counselor, Helmi R.Y., Helsinki, since 1998. Research work Aurora Karamzin and Helsinki Deaconness Institute, 1980, Somali refugees in the Finnish Health Care Sys., 1994, Women's International Zionist Organisation, 1994. Project work female genital mutilation victims, 1994.
Group counselor Helsinki Psychiatric Patients Association.
Volunteer worker Kibbutz Ma'ale Hahamisha, Israel, 1983-1984, 85-86. Private volunteer nurse Ma'on Netanya, Israel, 1989-1990. Member Amnesty International, Helsinki, since 1994, Red Cross, Helsinki, since 1995, International Christian Embassy, Finland, since 1991, Finnish Health Care and Social Union, since 1991.
Member board executives Morris Cerurro World Evangelism, since 1992. Member American Association for the Advancement of Science, Finnish Group Psychotherapy Association, Gospel Business Men's Fellowship International, New York Academy of Sciences, The Women's International Zionist Organization.