Doctor of Philosophy, University Heidelberg, Germany, 1958. Habilitation, University Heidelberg, Germany, 1964.
Assistant scholar University Heidelberg, 1958-1964, lecturer, 1964-1967. Professor ordinarius, director institute University Kiel, Germany, 1968-1973. Full professor emeritus classics University Mainz, Germany, since 1974.
Member Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey, 1972-1973. Member Heidelberg Academy of Sciences.