Sampson, Archibald J. was born on June 21, 1839 in near Cadiz, Ohio, United States. Son of of Francis and Margaret Griffith (Evans) S.
Brother of Francis A. S. Private to captain in Union Army in Civil War. Bachelor of Science, Mount Union College, Ohio, 1861, A.M., 1865 (Doctor of Laws, 1890).
Bachelor of Laws, Cleveland Law College, 1866.
Admitted to bar, 1865. Practiced at Sedalia, Missouri, 1865-1873, Cañon City, and Denver, Colorado, 1873-1893, Phoenix, Arizona, from 1893. Nominated for United States consul at Palestine, 1873, but declined.
Attorney general Colorado, 1876-1879. Consul at El Paso del Norte, Mexico, 1889-1893. Envoy Extraordinary anu Minister Plenipotentiary to Ecuador, 1897-1907, being first person for over 80 years living in a territory to receive a diplomatic appointment.
Married Kate I. Turner, September 18, 1866 (died 1886). Married second, Frances S Wood, March 19, 1891.