Bachelor, Arizona State University, 1956. Master of Arts, Arizona State University, 1957.
Teacher, Pomona (California) Unified Schools, 1957-1958; teacher, Flagstaff (Arizona) High School, 1958-1959; teacher, Phoenix Union High School District, 1959-1964; professor of English, Phoenix College, 1965-1987; professor of English emeritus, Phoenix College, since 1988.
Served with United States Army, 1953-1955.
Married Sylvia Florenia Mangum, April 4, 1958 (divorced October 1988).