Studied at, American University of Beirut. Doctor of Philosophy, Columbia University.
Lead anthropologist World Bank, 1991—2001. Special advisor to United Nations, 2001—2002. Executive director Afghan Assistance Coordination Authority, 2002.
Chief advisory to President Government of Afghanistan, 2002, minister finance, 2002—2004. Faculty member Kabul University, Afghanistan, 1973—1977, chancellor, since 2004. Faculty member Aarhus University, Denmark, 1977, University California, Berkeley, 1983, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, 1983—1991.
Analyst Public Broadcasting Service’s News Hour, British Broadcasting Corporation, Cable News Network.