Graduate in Political Science, University Florence, Italy, 1981. Diploma in International Affairs, University Florence, Italy, 1983. Doctor of Philosophy in International Law, University Rome, 1987.
Jean Monnet fellow European University Institute, Florence, 1988-1989. Assistant legal advisor Ministry Foreign Affairs, Italy, 1987-1990. Researcher international law University Perugia, Italy, since 1990.
Professor diplomatic law University Florence, since 1995. Special advisor Delegation of Italy to United Nations General Assembly, 1987, 91, 92, 94, 96. Consultant Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Italy, since 1990.
Married Myrtille Van Der Stoel, May 31, 1986. Children: Alvise, Ruben.