Cushman, Austin Sprague was born on September 9, 1827 in Duxbury, Massachusetts, United States. Son of late Robert Woodward C., Doctor of Divinity (Baptist clergyman) and Lucy (Sprague) C.
Graduate Brown, 1848. Admitted to Massachusetts bar, 1853. Of New York, 1879.
Clerk in the United States War Department, 1849. Collaborated with Doctor Stone in reporting (by Isaac Pitman’s phonography) trial of Doctor Webster for murder of Doctor Parkman (published 1850). Private secretary to President Fillmore, 1852.
3d Lieutenant United States Revenue Marine Service, 1853. United States Commissioner, Massachusetts district, May 24, 1855. Lieutenant in 3d Massachusetts infantry, 1858-1861.
Promoted adjunct 3d regiment April 19, 1861. On duty at burning of Gosport Navy Yard—among first troops in Virginia. Raised company; captain and major, 47th Massachusetts infantry, 1862-1863.
United States register bankruptcy, 1867. Practiced admiralty and patent law. Secretary American Patent Protective Association.
Editor Republic Magazine, 1890. Prominent in G.A.R.; was 1st post commander in New England and 1st department commander of Massachusetts 32°.