Master of Arts, University Turku, Finland, 1972. Ph License, University Turku, Finland, 1975. Doctor of Philosophy, University Turku, Finland, 1978.
Research assistant University Minnesota, 1973-1974. Junior assistant University Turku, 1973-1987, senior assistant, 1988-1990, docent, since 1978, senior lecturer, since 1991. Junior researcher Academy Finland, Helsinki, 1985-1986.
Professor general history University Turku, Finland, since 2002. Researcher, lecturer conference trips to the United States, Canada, England, Belgium, The Netherlands, Germany, Sweden, Norway, Russia. Docent travel history University Lapland, Finland, since 1998.
Docent general history University Tampere, Finland, since 2002.
Member History Association Finland, History Association Turku (secretary 1978-1982, board directors, chair since 1997), Nordic Association Canada Studies (board directors, treasurer since 1993), Nordic Association American Studies, Docent Union Finland (board directors since 1988), Docent Association Turku (board directors since 1986), Finnish Society for Development Studies, Finnish Society for East European Studies, Finnish University Network Tourism Studies (board member).
Married Anita Margareta Lomé, 1975. Children: Susan, Silva.