Graduate, Inanda Seminary, Durban, 1968. Certified in teaching, College Lovedale Teachers, South Africa, 1973. Post graduate certified in framework for governance, University Cape Town, South Africa, 1998.
Post graduate certified in basic principles public international law, University Cape Town, South Africa, 1999. Post graduate certified in international humanitarian & human rights law, University Cape Town, South Africa, 2000.
Teacher Isibonelo High School, Durban, 1974—1975. Lived in exile, 1976—1991. Teacher Mater Dolorosa High School, Mbabane, Swaziland, 1976—1977.
Joined African National Congress, since 1976, with department information & publicity & women's section Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 1977—1981, regional secretary, women's sector, 1978—1981, public relations officer Nairobi, Kenya, 1981—1983, with underground structures Gaborone, Botswana, 1983—1986, administrative secretary Lusaka, Zambia, 1987—1990, secretary general, women's league South Africa, 1991—1993, national spokesperson, elections press center, 1994, national chairperson, since 2007. Member of Parliament National Assembly, South Africa, since 1994, deputy house speaker South Africa, 1996—2004, house speaker South Africa, 2004—2008. Deputy president Republic of South Africa, 2008—2009.
Member regional women's committee & regional political committee African National Congress, 1986—1987, member interim leadership core & task force, women's league, 1990—1991, chair parliamentary caucus, 1994. Secretary National Prep Committee, Women's Section National Conference, 1987. Panel member Chairpersons Multi-Party Negotiating Process, 1991—1994.
Director general international advisory committee United Nations Educational, 1998. Member Unifem Panel Experts, Burundi Peace Process, 2000.
Head Medu Art Ensemble, 1983. Member Southern African Arts Trust Fund, 1984, Constitutional Assembly, South Africa, 1994. Member president panel Truth & Reconciliation Commission, South Africa, 1995.