Bachelor of Science in Nursing, University Kansas, Kansas City, 1976. Master of Science, Rush University, 1986. MSN, University Illinois, Chicago, 1995.
Critical care nurse, U. Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City critical care nurse, Bethany Medical Center, Kansas City research nurse Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome prevention services, Cook County Hospital, Chicago clinical assistant professor, University of Illinois College Nursing, Chicago.
Member Midwest Nursing Research Society, American Association Critical Care Nurses, Association Nurses in Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Care, Sigma Theta Tau, Phi Kappa Phi.