Bachelor in Commerce, Potchefstroom University Christian Education, South Africa, 1962. Bachelor in Commerce Honors, Potchefstroom University Christian Education, South Africa, 1963. Master Com, University Stellenbosch, South Africa, 1970.
Doctor Com, Rand Afrikaana University, South Africa, 1982.
Personnel officer, Sanlam, South Africa, 1964-1965; researcher, National Institute Personnel Research, South Africa, 1965-1975; professor, Rand Afrikaans U., Auckland Park, South Africa, since 1975; department chairman human resource management, Rand Afrikaans U., Auckland Park, since 1995.
Fellow Institute Personnel Management (Human Resource Development person of year 1991, president award 1987). Member American Society for Training and Development.