Related to the Rabbi Eliyahu of Vilna (the Vilna Gaon) on his paternal side, Mr. Netanyahu was born in Tel Aviv, to Benzion Netanyahu (original name Mileikowsky) and Cela (Segal). His mother was born in 1912 in Petah Tikva, part of the future British Mandate of Palestine that eventually became Israel. Though all his grandparents were born in the Russian Empire (now Belarus, Lithuania and Poland), his mother's parents emigrated to Minneapolis in the United States. Mr. Netanyahu's father, Benzion, was a professor of Jewish history at Cornell University, editor of the Encyclopaedia Hebraica, and a senior aide to Ze'ev Jabotinsky, who remained active in research and writing into his nineties. Benjamin Netanyahu's paternal grandfather was Rabbi Natan Mileikowsky, a leading Religious Zionist rabbi and JNF fundraiser. Mr. Netanyahu's older brother, Yonatan, was killed in Uganda during Operation Entebbe in 1976. His younger brother, Iddo, is a radiologist and writer. All three brothers served in the Sayeret Matkal reconnaissance unit of the Israel Defense Forces.
Benjamin Netanyahu was a student of Massachusetts Institute of Technology, from which he graduated with Bachelor of Science in 1974, and in 1976 he obtained his Master of Science from the same university.
From 1976 to 1978 Mr. Netanyahu worked at Boston Consulting Group as a consultant. Between 1978 and 1980 he served as an executive director of Jonathan Institute, Jerusalem, Israel. Between 1980 and 1982 Mr. Netanyahu was appointed senior manager at Rim Industries, Jerusalem.
Benjamin Netanyahu held the position of deputy chief of mission at Israeli Embassy, Washington, DC, 1982-1984. He was a permanent representative to United Nations in 1984-1988. During 1988-1991 he served as a Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs. In 1991-1992 Mr. Netanyahu occupied the post of a deputy minister, prime minister’s office.
In 1993 he became a leader of Likud (political party). In 1996 he was elected a Prime Minister of Israel and held the office till 1999. Sicne 2009 he again resumed his office as an Israeli Prime Minister and is still in the office. From 2002-2003 and 2012-2013 Benjamin Netanyahu also served as a Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Military service: Israel Defense Force, 1967-1972, achieved rank of captain.