Bachelor, Harvard College, 1963; Doctor of Philosophy, University of Chicago, 1974.
Research assistant University Geneva, Switzerland, 1980-1984. Research chemist VA, East Orange, New Jersey, 1984-1989. Associate professor University Rochester (New York ) Medical Center, since 1989.
Consultant VA, 1988-1989.
Donor Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra, since 1989, WXXI Rochester, since 1989. Member American Association for the Advancement of Science, New York Academy of Sciences, American Society for Virology, Harvard Club Rochester.
Married Bonnie Birtwistle, JUne 15, 1974 (divorced 1977).