Bernard Montgomery was born on November 17, 1887, in Kennington, Surrey, United Kingdom. He was the fourth child of nine, born to an Ulster-Scots Church of Ireland minister, Henry Montgomery, and his wife, Maud Farrar. In 1889, his family moved to Tasmania as his father was made Bishop of Tasmania. Montgomery's father spent as much time as possible in the rural areas of Tasmania and was away for up to six months at the time. His mother took little active interest in the education of her young children and ignored them most of the time as she performed the public duties of the bishop's wife. Montgomery and his family returned to England once for a Lambeth Conference in 1897 and in 1901 they finally moved to London.