Bachelor in Social Science, City College of New York, 1949. Master in Social Science and Administration, Western Reserve University, 1951. Doctor of Humane Letters, Hebrew College, Boston, 1995.
Doctor of Humane Letters (honorary), Gratz College, Philadelphia, 1995. Doctor of Philosophy, Brandeis University, 1970. Doctorate (honorary), Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati, 2003.
Agency director Jewish Community Center, Chicago, 1951-1967. Professor Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts, since 1969, director Hornstein program in Jewish communal service, 1971-1993, Klutznick professor contemporary Jewish studies, 1993-1999, emeritus, since 1999, director Adult Learning Institute, 1998—2001. Lecturer in field; visiting professor Baerwald School Social Work, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 1978, Center Jewish Education in Diaspora, 1978.
Senior consultant Josephtal Foundation, Jerusalem, 1978. Consultant European council American Joint Distribution Committee, 1978, Institute for Jewish Life, New York City, 1972-1976. Research associate on future of religion National Council Churches, 1972-1973.
Arnulf Pins memorial lecturer Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 1983, 84.
Member Conference Jewish Communal Svc. (chairman publications committee since 1980), National Jewish Family Center, American Jewish Committee (1st chairman academic advising committee 1979-1982, 75th Anniversary award 1981), American Jewish History Society (academic county since 1979), Association for Jewish Studies.
Married Elaine Betty Sokol, August 26, 1951. Children: Joel Ira, Sharon Fay, Eric K., Robin Sue.