Bachelor of Science in Physics, California Institute of Technology, 1955. Master of Science in Engineering, University of California at Los Angeles, 1962. Doctor of Philosophy in Engineering, University of California at Los Angeles, 1971.
Engineer, Hycon Manufacturing Company, Pasadena, California, 1955-1959; chief scientist, Hughes Aircraft Company, Culver City, California, 1959-1989; senior member technical staff, faculty, Rand Grand School, 1989-1998; independent consultant, Los Angeles, since 1998.
Member American Association for the Advancement of Science, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Sigma Xi.
Married Masha Frydman, June 28, 1958. Children: Leslie Anne, Jennifer Robin.