University of Western Ontario (Bachelor of Arts, 1969). University of Washington (Master of Arts. University of Ottawa (Bachelor of Laws, 1981).\r\nClerk, Chief Justice of Ontario, 1983.
Working as a partner of PATERSON, MacDOUGALL. Admitted to the bar, 1983, Ontario.
Canadian (Ontario) and American Bar Associations. Defense Research Institute. Association des juristes d’expression francaise de L’Ontario.