Bachelor of Science, Bellevue School Nursing, 1955; Master of Arts, New York University, 1967; Doctor of Philosophy, New York University, 1976.
Assistant professor, State University of New York, Farmingdale, 1967-1971; associate professor, Adelphi U., Garden City, New York, 1971-1978; vice president professional services, March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, White Plains, New York, 1978-1991; director division education in nursing School Continuing Education, Mount Sinai Hospital, New York City, since 1991. President R&M., since 1990.
Board of directors Alliance of Genetic Support Group, Washington, since 1985, Family Aide, Inc., Hicksville, New York, 1985-1987, Environmental Health Institute, since 1989. Fellow American Academy Nursing. Member NAACOG (vice chair District II 1982-1984), ANA (councils, committees 1985-1987, Perinatal Nurse of Year 1986), National Perinatal Association.
Married Joseph Raff, April 11, 1954. Children: Marla Lynn, Garry Scott.