Bachelor, Uktal U., 1955; Master of Science, Michigan Technology U., 1958; Doctor of Philosophy, Illinois Institute Technology, 1961.
Assistant professor, Washington State University, Pullman, 1961-1965; research scientist E.C. Bain Laboratory Fundamental Research, United States Steel Corporation, Monroeville, Pennsylvania, 1965-1972; senior scientist, group leader, McConnell Douglas Research Laboratory, St. Louis, 1972-1976; head physical metallurgy branch, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, 1976-1982; superintendent material science and technical division, since 1982; head, associate director material science directorate, since 1982. Adjunct Professor Carnegie Mellon U., Pittsburgh, 1970-1972, U. Maryland., 1979-1981.
Fellow American society Metals, Washington Academy Science, Materials Society, IndianNat. Academy Engineering, Academy Materials Engineering Michigan Technology U. Member American Institute of Mining, Metallurgy, and Petroleum Engineers, Electron Microscopic Society American, Sigma Xi.
Married Sushama Panigrahi, July 3, 1963. Children: Minati, Manesh, Manik.