His highest rank was sekiwake. He joined Isegahama stable and at 16 first entered the ring in the 1936 Spring tournament. From this point he never suffered a losing tournament until making the makuuchi top division in the Spring 1941 tournament.
Though he actually had losing tournaments in his first three tournaments in makuuchi, he still rose in the rankings. This happened fairly often during these times and was due to the fact that East ranked and West ranked wrestlers were treated as two separate groups and if enough wrestlers from one side received bad losing records, other wrestlers from the same side had to be promoted to replace their slot in the rankings for the next tournament even if their records were not much better. In the Summer 1942 tournament at maegashira 8, he finally got his first top division kachikoshi and also beat yokozuna Haguroyama for his first gold star or kinboshi.
He would continue to plague Haguroyama after this, beating him a total of four times as a maegashira. In the summer 1945 tournament in the midst of regular allied bombings, Bishūyama had the best tournament of his career. It had been scheduled to be held on the Meiji Shrine grounds in May but had been postponed due to the bombings.
The tournament was moved to the Ryōgoku Kokugikan which itself was regularly closed due to the air raids. Under these conditions and with a truncated tournament of only seven days, Bishūyama, at maegashira 1, took the championship with a perfect 7-0 record. This championship included beating his rival Haguroyama on the first day.
Over ten years later, in a special edition magazine published in 1956, his picture clutching the Emperor's Cup was put on the front page. He was commemorated for his persistent fighting spirit on the dohyō during the turmoil of the allied bombings. He was promoted to sekiwake the next tournament, but only managed a 5-5 record, and dropped to komusubi for the following Autumn 1946 tournament, the only one held that year.
He lost six bouts in a row, and dropped out mid-tournament. He was largely a maegashira wrestler after this. In the Spring 1955 tournament he dropped to the second division jūryō for the first time since entering the top division.
He lasted one more tournament, the Summer 1955 tournament, but he lost nine bouts in a row and retired mid-tournament. He stayed in the sumo world as an elder afterwards but died at the young age of forty-two.