Bachelor, University Tampa, 1972. Master of Arts, Syracuse University, 1973. Postgraduate, Syracuse University, 1980.
Doctor of Humane Letters (honorary), Spelman College, 2002.
Enlisted United States Army, 1959. Desk officer for Somalia, United States Department State, Washington, 1980-1982. Advanced through grades to major, 1975.
Retired, 1979; political officer American Embassy, Monrovia, Liberia, 1982-1984. Action officer office strategic nuclear policy bureau politico-military affairs United States Department State, 1985-1987, deputy director policy plans and coordination bureau inter-American affairs, 1987-1989, Una Chapman Cox fellow United States-African Policy, 1988-1990. Consul general American Consulate General, Durban, South Africa, 1990-1993, Capetown, South Africa, 1993-1995.
Ambassador to Lesotho, American Embassy, Maseru, 1995-1998. Diplomat-in-residence Atlanta University Center at Spelman College, 1998-1999. United States ambassador to Liberia Department of State, Monrovia, Liberia, 1999—2002.
University lecturer international affairs Old Dominion University, since 2002. Senior fellow Joint Forces Staff College, Norfolk, Virginia, since 2002. Adjunct professor history and political science Old Dominion University, 2002—2003, ambassador-in-residence.
Goodwill ambassador for West Africa, Graceland, Senegal, 2008. Member of World Affairs Council Hampton Rds. (board directors since 2004).
Married Marie Pierre Mbaye. Children: Bismarck Junior, Wesley Todd, Allison Elizabeth.