Bachelor of Social Science with upper 2 honors, University Singapore, 1969. Master of Social Science, University Singapore, 1973. Diploma in communication, advantage, marketing, London, 1980.
Journalist, Straits Times, Singapore, 1972-1974;
marketing/public relations executive, Singapore Airlines, 1974-1980;
vice president public relations and advertising, United Overseas Bank Group, Singapore, 1980-1989;
group corporation affairs manager, Inchcape Berhadi, Singapore, 1989-1992;
managing director, Mileage Communications Pte. Ltd., Singapore, since 1992. President Institute Public Affairs, Singapore, 1985-1993.
Advisor public relations Singapore Police Force, since 1980. Chairman public relations committee National U. Singapore, since 1993.
Council member National Fire Prevention Council, since 1996. Volunteer inspector Singapore Police Force. Member marketing consultant panel Singapore Festival Arts, since 1997.