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Boris Yefimovich YEFIMOV

Artist and caricaturist

Boris YEFIMOV, USSR Artist and caricaturist. Real name: FRIDLYAND. Honoured Art Worker Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic since 1932; Popular Artist Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic since 1959; corresponding member, USSR Academy, of Arts, since 1955. Order of Red Banner of Labor, 1960; two Stalin Prizes, 1950, 1951.

Background

YEFIMOV, Boris was born in 1900 in Kiev.

Career

1919 began drawing caricatures for newspapers: “Krasnaya Armiya”, “Kommunist”, “Bolshevik”, etc. 1922-1938 worked for “Pravda”, “Izvestiya”, “Komsomolskaya pravda”, “Krasnaya zvezda” and journals “Ogonek”, “Krokodil”, “Krasnoarmeets”, etc. 1938 as a result of the trial of his brother, the journalist Mikhail Koltsov (pseudonym) who was arrested and later shot after his return from Spain, Yefimov fell into disgrace, but was rehabilitated at outbreak of World War II.

1941-1945 produced posters and illustrated leaflets to be dropped behind German lines. Attended Nuremberg Trials as correspondent of “Krasnaya zvezda”.