Bachelor of Fine Arts, School Visual Arts, New York City, 1987.
Freelance cartoonist, Chalfont, Pennsylvania, since 1987; editor-in-chief, Cartoon Opportunities, Chalfont, since 1995. Jurist Doomsday Art Gallery, Philadelphia, 1988-1993.
Active Central Bucks Clean Energy Collective, Doylestown, Pennsylvania, 1980, Del-Aware, Mount Pleasant, Pennsylvania, 1983. Member National Organization for Reform of Marijuana Laws, Underground Cartoonists Association (bd directors 1989-1995, Cartoonist of Year 1991).
Married Deborah Ann DeStefano, August 22, 1992. Stepchildren: Joshiah Hoffman, Samantha Rosa Smaniotto.