Henry Thomas Hunt of Cincinnati, Brand Whitlock of Toledo, and Newton D. Baker of Cleveland were called following the mayoral elections of November 4, 1911.
Providence, RI 02912, United States
In 1916, Whitlock became a Doctor of Laws at Brown University.
61 S Sandusky St, Delaware, OH 43015, United States
Whitlock attended Ohio Wesleyan University in 1917.
10900 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH 44106, United States
Whitlock attended Western Reserve University in 1919.
Place de l'Université 1, 1348 Ottignies-Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
Whitlock received his Doctor of Juridical Science degree from the University of Louvain in 1927.
Toledo, Ohio, United States
Whitlock worked as a newspaper reporter of Toledo Blade from 1887 to 1890.
Chicago, Illinois, United States
Whitlock worked as a reporter and member of political correspondence staff of Chicago Herald from 1890 to 1893.
Order of Leopold
Brand Whitlock with Belgian King Albert I
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In his childhood, Whitlock was educated at public schools and by private tuition. In 1916, he became a Doctor of Laws at Brown University. Next year he attended Ohio Wesleyan University, as well as Western Reserve University two more years later. Whitlock received his Doctor of Juridical Science degree at the University of Brussels in 1919, he received the same degree from the University of Louvain in 1927. He also studied law in Springfield, Illinois, with John M. Palmer.
Whitlock began working as a reporter for several papers in Toledo, Ohio, including The Toledo Blade. In 1890 Whitlock quit his job as a reporter with the Toledo Blade and joined the staff of the Chicago Herald, the leading Democratic newspaper in Chicago. Around that time, Whitlock became interested in reform politics. His political convictions strongly influenced the plots and characters in his novels.
After obtaining a law degree, and while waiting for clients, Whitlock wrote a number of books, such as The Happy Average, Her Infinite Variety, and The Thirteenth District: A Story of a Candidate. The Thirteenth District was reprinted sixty-six years later, in 1968, due to its presentation of grassroots American politics.
Starting in 1904, Whitlock was elected the mayor of Toledo, Ohio, a job he held for four successive terms. He pushed for reform causes, writing numerous essays and articles on the theory and practice of government. He also wrote the novel The Turn of the Balance, based on his observations of the criminal courts, slums, jails, and new industrial leadership in Toledo. During his mayoral period, Whitlock also wrote two collections of short stories, The Gold Brick and The Fall Guy, as well as a significant work on Abraham Lincoln during the centennial celebration of Lincoln’s birth.
Assuming he was finished with politics, Whitlock wrote Forty Years of It in 1914. The Boston Transcript heralded the book as an “intensely graphic portrayal of American life and its social upheavals as viewed by a sturdy man who is not afraid to speak and to write as he thinks”. Yet Whitlock was not finished with politics. When World War I erupted, he was the American minister to Belgium, appointed by Woodrow Wilson and Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan. Belgium: A Personal Narrative combines his papers and journal from this period.
Although President Warren G. Harding elevated Whitlock’s position to ambassador to Belgium, Whitlock chose to resign his post and write novels. Between 1923 and his death in 1934, Whitlock’s best known books, of the eight he wrote, were J. Hardin & Son and the two-volume biography, La Fayette. This volume and Belgium: A Personal Narrative are Whitlock’s most notable nonfiction works.
(Therefore, you will see the original copyright references...)1910
(This work has been selected by scholars as being cultural...)1919
Whitlock and his grandfather, Brand, broke with the Republicans in 1888, over the protective tariff issue, became Democrats and supported Grover Cleveland.
Whitlock's novels expressed his beliefs about democracy, the politician of the future, the new self-liberated woman who could vote and run for office, and the American political ideal.
Whitlock was a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, Poetry Society of America, Authors’s League of America and The Royal Academies for Science and the Arts of Belgium.
Quotes from others about the person
“Here in the story of Belgium is the record of deep and continuous happenings related by a man who was not only an eye-witness but a soul-witness of the entire drama. His volumes are a document with a soul, the kind that make literature imperishable, which chronicle the deeds of men under great stress and suffering.” - a reviewer for the Boston Transcript described Whitlock's book Belgium
“The author shows an unusual grasp of the complicated period in which La Fayette lived, and a profound understanding of La Fayette himself.” - about his book La Fayette
Susan Brainerd was Whitlock's first wife. Whitlock married Ella Brainerd on June 8, 1895.