Trinity College, Dublin (Bachelor of Laws, 1981). University of Amsterdam (Diploma in European Law, 1982). Kings Inn, Dublin (Barrister at Law, 1982).
Spoken languages: English, French, Spanish.
Worked at Squire, Sanders & Dempsey Limited liability partnership (Brussels) specializing in International, Competition, Telecommunications. Admitted to the bar, 1982, Ireland (Not admitted in Belgium).