Bachelor, Indiana University, 1989. Master of Arts, California State University, Fullerton, 1993. Doctor of Philosophy, University Tennessee, 1996.
Assistant professor Southwest Missouri State University, Springfield, 1997-1999. Charles Campbell associate professor sports communications Clemson (South Carolina) University, since 1999.
Member Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communications, American Political Science Association, American Association for Public Opinion Research, National Communications Association, North America Society for the Sociology of Sport, Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research.