AB, Transylvania University, 1947. Master of Arts, Master of Fine Arts, Western Reserve University, 1950. Doctor of Philosophy, Cornell University, 1964.
Chair, professor department speech and drama, Catawba College, Salisbury, North Carolina, 1950-1961; professor, chair department theater, Southern Methodist U., Dallas, 1964-1975; professor, head department theater, University of Illinois, Urbana, 1975-1995; professor of theatre emeritus, University of Illinois, Urbana, since 1995. Director various summer theater programs.
Sergeant United States Army, 1943-1946, PTO. Fellow American Theatre Association (president 1970), Southwest Theatre Conference, Mid-American Theatre Conference. Member American Society Theatre Research, Association Theatre in Higher Education.
Married Mary Jane Bishop, June 1, 1957. Children: Laurence Bishop, Cathleen Stuart, Brent McLean.