Bachelor, Brooklyn College, New York, 1950. Master of Arts, Columbia University, New York City, 1954. Doctor of Education, Columbia University, New York City, 1958.
Art teacher various public schools, Long Island, New York, 1954-1959. Professor art Rowan University, Glassboro, New Jersey, 1960—2004, professor emeritus, since 2000. Principal art exhibition critic Art Matters, Philadelphia, since 1981.
With United States Army, 1951-1953. Member Philadelphia Art Alliance (board directors 1978-1983). Artists Equity (past national president 1971-1973).
Married Sarah Frances Masher, November 2, 1950. 1 child, Marc.