Carl-Bernhard Brühl was an Austrian physician and anatomist known for his work in the field of comparative osteology.
He studied medicine in Vienna, later spending several years as a practicing physician.
In 1857 he was appointed professor of zootomy and comparative anatomy in Krakow. In 1861 he became a professor of zootomy in Vienna, where in 1863, he was named director of the zootomic institute. In Vienna, he conducted popular scientific lectures free of charge, a practice that was almost unheard of at the time.
His lectures were also available to female listeners, causing a stir of serious controversy in academic circles. Sigmund Freud, in his 1925 autobiographical study, mentioned that it was hearing Brühl's reading of Goethe's "Die Natur" that persuaded him to enter medical school.