Bachelor in the United States History, University North Carolina, 1975. Master of Arts in Public Administration, Portland State University, 1984. Doctor of Philosophy in Urban Studies and Criminology, Portland State University, 1993.
Graduate, Federal Bureau of Investigation National Academy.
Patrol officer Portland Police Department, 1975-1981, sergeant, 1981-1984, lieutenant, 1984-1991, captain of Northern Precinct, 1991-1992, deputy chief of Operations Branch, 1992-1993, chief of police, 1993—1999, Montgomery County, Maryland, 1999—2003.
Board directors Boys and Girls Club of Portland, Comprehensive Options for Drug Abusers. Member funding allocation committee Black United Fund Oregon. Member Multnomah County Community Action Commission, Police Executive Research Forum, Board Public Safety Standards and Training, Governor's Drug and Violent Crime Policy Board, Governor's Juvenile Justice Task Force.
Board directors Portland State University. Member American Society Criminology, National Organization of Black Law Enforcement Executives, Society of Police Futurists International, International Association Chiefs of Police.