Certified computer programing, Ministry of Trade and Industry Business College, 1968. Bachelor in English Literature, teaching certified, Doane College, 1973. Medical Science Liaison Society, Syracuse University, 1975.
Postgraduate, University of the Pacific, 1997.
Assistant branch library, branch library, The Chicago (Illinois) Public Library., 1975-1978; technical library, Atlantic Richfield Company, Los Angeles, 1978-1979; reference library, California State University, Fullerton, 1979; English teacher, library, Kiddy College English School, Mishima City, Japan, 1979-1981; adult services library, branch library, Stockton (California)-San Joaquin County Public Library., 1981-1990; supervising library, branch manager, Stockton (California)-San Joaquin County Public Library., since 1991. Consultant Office for Library. Outreach Superior vena cava syndrome Advisory Committee, American Library Association, Chicago, 1977-1979.
Judge Yosemite Forensic League, Stockton, 1986-1988. Fund distribution reviewer, member recertification committee United Way of San Joaquin County, Stockton, 1994-1995. Secretary San Joaquin chapter American Civil Liberties Union, 1995.
Chair Manteca Information Technology Task Force, since 1995. Member National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, American Library Association (committee chair, section president), Public Library. Association, Social Responsibilities Round Table, Black Caucus, Freedom to Read Foundation, California Library.
Association (committee member), California Libraries Black Caucus, Manteca (California) Kiwanis (newsletter editor 1985-1989).