Bachelor in Political Science, Kansas State University, 1963; Master of Arts in Economics, Kansas State University, 1964; Master of Arts in Regional Science, University of Pennsylvania, 1973; Doctor of Philosophy in Regional Science, University of Pennsylvania, 1974.
Regional economist, Federal Reserve Bank Chicago, 1964-1966; research associate, Regional Science Research Institute, Philadelphia, 1966-1967; assistant professor, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1967-1969; economist, Federal Reserve Bank Boston, 1969-1970; consultant, Organisation for Economics Cooperation and Development, Ankara, Turkey, 1970-1971; lecturer department town and regional planning, U. Sheffield, England, 1971-1980; senior lecturer, U. Sheffield, England, 1980-1986; reader, head Department, University Sheffield, England, 1986-1990; professor, head Department, University Sheffield, England, 1990-1993; director Center for Development Planning Studies, U. Sheffield, England, since 1987. Consultant United Nations Development Programme, Bangladesh, 1977, 79, 80, International Civil Aviation Organisation, Brazil, 1982, Asian Development Bank, Malaysia, 1984, Philippines, 1987, Indonesia, 1989, United Kingdom Overseas Development Administration, 1993.
Fellow International Center for Asian Studies. Member Bangladesh Institute Planners, Royal Town Planning Institute.