AB, West Virginia University, 1929. Doctor of Philosophy, Cornell University, 1932. Doctor of Letters, Marshall College, 1952.
Member staff National Resources Committee, 1934-1938. Assistant to director education NYA, 1938-1940. Special assistant to executive secretary War Production Board, 1943-1946.
Consultant National Security Resources Board, 1948-1949. Deputy executive secretary, director secretariat National Production Authority and Defense Production Administration, 1951-1953. Historian Army Medical Service, 1954-1960, chief historian, 1960-1967.
Professor history Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, 1967-1972. Member National History Publications Commission, 1970-1974.
Served with United States Army, 1943. Member Massachusetts History Society.
Married Kelly Tollolah Tooks, December 24, 1952.