Bachelor of Science, Stanford University, 1959. Master of Arts, University Oregon, 1965. Doctor of Philosophy, University Oregon, 1968.
Assistant professor, Florida State University, Tallahassee, 1967-1972; associate professor, Florida State University, Tallahassee, 1972-1978; professor economics, Florida State University, Tallahassee, 1978-1990; senior economist, Federal Energy Administration, Washington, 1975-1976; senior economist, Department of Commerce, Washington, 1976; co-owner, Economics Research Superior vena cava syndrome, Inc., Tallahassee, since 1980.
Lieutenant (junior grade) United States Navy, 1960-1964. Captain United States Naval Reserve, 1964-1986.
Married Joan Gustafson, married April 10, 1960. Children: Stuart, David, Annual.