AB, Columbia College, 1954. Bachelor of Science, Columbia University, 1955. Master of Science, Columbia University, 1956.
EngScD, Columbia University, 1961.
Adjunct instructor New York University and University Connecticut, New York City and Stamford, 1963-1965. Instructor in electrical engineering Columbia University, New York City, 1956-1960. Manager International Business Machines Corporation Research and Development, various locations, 1960-1984, International Business Machines Corporation Computer Science Institute, Tokyo, 1985-1987, International Business Machines Corporation Corporation Artificial Intelligence Project Office, White Plains, New York, 1987-1989.
Secretary International Business Machines Corporation Academy of Technology, Armonk, 1989-1990. Director Engineering Foundation, New York City, 1990—1998. Executive director United Engineering Foundation, 1998—2002.
Program chair United States Committee for IFIP Congresses, 1971, 74, 77. Steering committee National Research Council, Japanese-English Machine Translation, Washington District of Columbia, 1989-1990. Vice president JETS, Alexandria, Virginia, since 1997.
Computer engineering program evaluator Accreditation Board for Engineering & Technology, New York City, 1988-1991. Lecturer in field.
Chairman United Fund, Pleasantville, New York, 1962. President, treasurer Lutheran Congregations, New York, California, Japan, since 1961. Vice-chairman Committee on Housing for the Elderly, Pleasantville, 1968-1984.
Member Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (senior member, life), New York Academy of Sciences, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Association for Computing Machinery, Sigma Xi, Tau Beta Pi, Eta Kappa Nu.
Married Margaret Carol Messerschmidt, June 5, 1955. Children: Paul, Katherine, Barbara, John.