His 1985 film Raffl was entered into the 14th Moscow International Film Festival. He is mostly known for his work with Michael Haneke. Berger invented the Cine Reflect Lighting System which he used on his latest films.
Besides his work as director of photography he also teaches cinematography at the Filmacademy Vienna.
Berger is married to actress Marika Green, and is also the uncle of Eva Green.