He wrote his first scientific paper, "Om salicylsyrens indflydelse på kødfordøjelsen" ("On salicylic acid"s influence on the digestion of meat"), at the age of 22. He received his medical degree in 1880, studied under Carl Ludwig at University of Leipzig, took a Doctor of Philosophy in physiology and was appointed professor of physiology at the University of Copenhagen in 1886. On his religious views, Bohr was raised as a Lutheran.
Christian Bohr is buried in the Assistens Kirkegåroad
In 1891, he was the first to characterize dead space. In 1903, Christian Bohr described the phenomenon, now called the Bohr effect, whereby hydrogen ions and carbon dioxide heterotopically decrease hemoglobin"s oxygen-binding affinity.
This regulation increases the efficiency of oxygen release by hemoglobin in tissues, like active muscle tissue, where rapid metabolization has produced relatively high concentrations of hydrogen ions and carbon dioxide.