License, University Rennes, France, 1971. Diploma higher studies, University Paris, 1972. Degree in political science, University Paris, 1972.
Student, National School Administration, France, 1976.
Finance attache Permanent Republican to European Economic Community, Brussels, 1980-1982. Various positions French Treasury, 1976-1986, deputy assistant secretary, assistant secretary, 1988-1993, under secretary, 1993-1995. Advisor Ministry of Economy and Finance, Paris, 1986-1988.
Chief of staff Minister of Economy and Finance, 1995-1997. Vice president European Central Bank, Frankfurt, Germany, 1998—2002. Governor Bank of France, Paris, since 2003.
Chairman Paris Club of Creditor Countries, 1993-1997. Alternate governor International Monetary Fund World Bank, 1993-1995.
Married Martine Broyet. Children: Eric, Bénédicte, Cyril, Alexis.